The popularity of international pensions and savings plans has continued to growaccording to new research from Willis Towers Watson.
It’s latest International Pension Plan Survey recorded 988 international pension and savings plans (IPPs and ISPs) – an increase of 56 schemes on the previous year. This is an uplift of 6 per cent.
Assets under management in these schemes rose from $15.8bn to $17.2bn over this period.
The results also showed a 13 per cent increase in the number of IPPs being offered as a safer option for local populations in challenging economic locations, particularly those at risk of political and economic instability, currency devaluation, or sovereign debt default.
Willis Towers Watson says this increase suggested employers were looking to improve benefits for both expatriate staff, foreign works on local contract terms.
IPPs and ISPs were originally aimed at expats, especially senior executive ‘global nomads’ who were unable to stay in their home country arrangements or to join host country plans.But in more recent years, the popularity of IPPs and ISPs has also been driven by the needs of local expats, and other diverse and often complex employee groups.
Michael Brough senior director in Willis Towers Watson’s Global Services and Solutions Group, says: “Many large multinationals, charities, and international governmental organisations find it challenging to offer good savings and pensions benefits to their global staff.
“Local pension systems may be exposed to high economic insecurity, or they may not allow expats to join. These flexible cross-border schemes are continuing to strengthen their position in the market, and we expect that to continue in 2021.
“Last year a much higher number of sovereign states defaulted on their government debt, including some, like Lebanon, for the first time. This can have implications for savings because of bond and currency rates, and local rules around holding local bonds in local pension and savings plans.
“It is likely more defaults will happen in 2021 as countries struggle to deal with the implications of the Covid pandemic. We’ve seen an uptick in demand from companies who are wary of putting their staff into pensions that may fail. They often want to find a safer harbour for workers in these high-risk environments by using cross-border plans to access global funds in hard currencies.”
The survey also found that during the global pandemic IPPs and ISPs were highly flexible in adapting to financial pressures. Many schemes amended their governing trust deed or contracts to allow hardship withdrawals, while others changed employer or employee contributions as a form of short-term relief.
Some businesses asked that eligibility criteria were amended to allow more employees to join IPPs and ISPs where local options had become higher risk.
The Willis Towers Watson IPP Survey 2020 also found that:
- 70 per cent have been established with a ‘retirement objective’ (IPPs), with 30 per cent having a shorter-term ‘savings objective’ (ISPs)
- Minimum and maximum employer contribution rates most commonly range between 5 per cent and 9 per cent. In the majority of IPPs and ISPs, employees are not required to contribute
- IPPs/ISPs are offered by companies in all business sectors, but particularly in banking and finance, oil and gas, and consumer goods and retail. Over the past year there has been significant interest in IGOs and NGOs looking to set up new plans and review existing arrangements
- IPPs and ISPs are oﬀered to local employees in countries operating in challenging circumstances. Argentina was the most popular location for such IPPs/ISPs, with 34 plans including Argentina-based savers. Egypt-based savers were in 24 plans, Russia 19, Ukraine 15, and Turkey 15
- Around 20 per cent of IPPs now offer some form of income drawdown, meaning members are choosing to gradually take benefits at distribution
- Outside of the survey, Willis Towers Watson’s Expatriate Benefits Solutions business reports that Covid-related flexibilities have also been made under global health and risk insurance plans, expanding eligibility and coverage beyond the typical expatriate population, specifically to include key employees who have. or are still, working remotely from their country of employment during the pandemic